Institutional Quality and Sukuk Development: A Study of Five OIC Countries

Nuhbatul Basyariah* -  Department of Sharia Banking, STEI Hamfara Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Hadri Kusuma -  Faculty of Business and Economics, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia
Ibnu Qizam -  Faculty of Economics and Business, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia

The objective of this study is to shed some light on the effect of institutional quality on the development of the global sukuk market. Specifically, this study examines the impacts of the institutional quality that adopts three dimensions of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), i.e., Rule of Law (RL), Regulatory Quality (RQ), and Government effectiveness (GE) on the global sukuk development of the top-five countries of sukuk issuance, i.e., Malaysia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, and Bahrain. Drawing on a quantitative study with the data in the forms of global sukuk issuance from 2002 to 2017, panel-data regression (OLS) and General Method of Moment (GMM) were applied. This study showed that RL and GE have a significantly positive effect on sukuk issuance; however, RQ did not influence the development of the global sukuk market. These results imply that a country that is capable to maintain the institutional quality, especially in terms of rule of law and government effectiveness, will most likely be the country that can successfully develop the sukuk market. These results play a crucial role in filling a research gap among previous studies and provide an empirical evidence of the government’s role and its influence on the sukuk development.

Keywords : Institutional Quality; Islamic Financial Development; Sukuk Development; Worldwide Governance Indicators

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